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These are the States Where Undocumented Immigrants can Obtain a Driver’s License

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A driver’s license is more than just a document that allows you to drive in the U.S. legally. It is also used as a valid form of identification, which is a great tool to have when filling out applications/forms. Even though obtaining a driver’s license with a Social Security Number (SSN) is easy, people who do not have an SSN often struggle to obtain one. Immigrants are most affected by this regulation.


However, that is slowly changing. As of June 2022, 16 states plus the District of Columbia (D.C.) grant driver’s licenses to non-citizens regardless of immigration status. 


Each state has different rules and regulations on obtaining a driver’s license without legal status. In this article, we will answer the following questions:

  1. Which states offer driver’s licenses to undocumented immigrants?
  2. What are each state’s requirements?

Which states offer driver’s licenses to undocumented immigrants?

As of June 2022, the following states are where undocumented immigrants can obtain a driver’s license (or its equivalent):

California
California residents may apply for a driver’s license by presenting eligible proof of identification and residency in the state, regardless of immigration status. 
For more information, please visit the California DMV website.

Colorado
You must present proof of identity and residence and your individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) to apply in Colorado.
For more information, please visit the Colorado DMV website. 

Connecticut
To apply, you must first make an appointment online to schedule a written exam. This test is offered in English and Spanish as well as a few other languages. 
For more information, visit the Department of Vehicles website.

Delaware
Delaware offers a Driving Privilege Card (DPC). To apply, you must submit fingerprints and other documents for a criminal background check. This process is done by appointment only. 
For more information, on scheduling an appointment, visit the following link or call 302-739-2528. 

District of Columbia (Washington D.C.)
The Limited Purpose Driver’s License (LPDL) allows District residents who cannot provide a Social Security number to drive legally. . To be eligible, you cannot have an SSN. 
For more information, visit the page of the Department of Motor Vehicles.

Hawaii
All state residents, 17 years of age or older, can obtain their driver’s license, regardless of their immigration status.
For more information, please visit the Hawaii DMV website. 

Illinois
Illinois offers two types of Temporary Visitor Driver’s License (TVDL). For the first, you qualify if you are authorized to be in the U.S. for one year or more and if you have been present in the U.S. for at least six months. For the second, you qualify if you do not have legal status but have been in the U.S. for at least one year. 
For more information, please visit the Illinois DMV website. 

Maryland
If you have filed a Maryland tax return or were claimed as a dependent of someone who filed a Maryland tax return for the past two years, you are eligible.
For more information, please review the online document guide. 

Nevada
Residents who cannot meet the proof of identity requirements for a driver’s license or identification card may obtain a Driving Authorization Card (DAC). These cards authorize the holder to drive a motor vehicle but are not valid as identification.
For more information, please visit the Department of Transportation website.

New Jersey
The law creates two types of licenses. One is the federally accepted REAL ID. The second is a Standard Basic license available to any New Jersey resident regardless of immigration status.
For more information, visit the official page of the state. 

New Mexico
Regardless of your immigration status, you can apply as long as you have an individual tax identification number (ITIN). 
For more information, visit the New Mexico DMV website. 

New York
Any state resident, 16 years of age or older, can apply for a non-commercial driver’s license regardless of their immigration status.
For more information, please visit the New York State DMV website. 

Oregon
Individuals must provide proof of Oregon residency and electronically sign a statement stating that they do not have an SSN.
For more information, please visit the Oregon DMV website. 

Utah
Utah offers a Driving Privilege Card to undocumented immigrants who can prove Utah residency. 
For more information, please visit the Utah DMV website. 

Vermont
To apply, you will need to prove your identity and that you are a Vermont resident.
For more information, visit the official page of the state.

Virginia
Virginia offers a Driving Privilege Card (DPC). To be eligible, you must have filed Virginia taxes or have been reported as a dependent on Virginia taxes within the year.
For more information, visit the Virginia DMV website.

Washington State
To apply, you must prove your identity and residence in the State of Washington. 
For more information, please visit the Washington DMV website. 

Mitzi Colin Lopez is a Digital Ads Content Creator and Experimenter at Noticias Para Inmigrantes. Her origin as a Mexican immigrant characterizes and drives her to empower the Latinx, Hispanic and immigrant communities. She is a recent graduate of West Chester University, where she obtained her bachelor’s in Political Science and Spanish. Her passions include social justice, advocacy, hiking, traveling, and weightlifting.